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Nat Med. 1999 Aug;5(8):900-6.

Cyclooxygenase-2-dependent arachidonic acid metabolites are essential modulators of the intestinal immune response to dietary antigen.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA.

Abstract

Intestinal inflammatory diseases are mediated by dysregulated immune responses to undefined luminal antigens. Feeding hen egg-white lysozyme to mice expressing a transgenic T-cell receptor that recognizes hen egg-white lysozyme peptide 46-61 resulted in no intestinal pathology; however, simultaneous administration of cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors and dietary hen egg-white lysozyme resulted in increased proliferation of lamina propria mononuclear cells and crypt epithelial cells, crypt expansion and villus blunting. Lamina propria mononuclear cells produce high levels of cyclooxygenase-2-dependent arachidonic acid metabolites, which act as immunomodulators in the immune response to dietary antigen. These findings establish that cyclooxygenase-2-dependent arachidonic acid metabolites are essential in the development and maintenance of intestinal immune homeostasis.

Comment in

PMID:
10426313
DOI:
10.1038/11341
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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