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Hum Immunol. 1999 Jul;60(7):583-90.

NOD background genes influence T cell responses to GAD 65 in HLA-DQ8 transgenic mice.

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Department of Immunology, Division of Transplantation Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA.


The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes play a significant role in the predisposition to insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or type 1 diabetes. HLA-DQ8 (DQB1*0302, DQA 1*0301) genes have been shown to have the highest relative risk for human type 1 diabetes. To develop a "humanized" mouse model of diabetes, HLA-DQ8 was transgenically expressed in mice lacking endogenous class II genes. Since non-MHC background genes of the NOD influence the disease process, AP"/DQ8 mice were mated with the NOD strain and backcrossed to generate Abeta degree/DQ8/NOD mice. These mice have DQ8 as the sole MHC class II restriction element with NOD background genes at the N 2 generation. The DQ8 transgenic mice were used to identify T cell epitopes on glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD 65), an important putative autoantigen in type 1 diabetes. The NOD background genes strongly influenced antigen processing, that is, different T cell epitopes were generated from the processing of GAD 65 in vivo in the Abeta degree/DQ8 and in the Abeta degree/DQ8/NOD mice.

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