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Biochem Pharmacol. 1999 Aug 1;58(3):461-3.

Acetone catabolism by cytochrome P450 2E1: studies with CYP2E1-null mice.

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Laboratory for Cancer Research, College of Pharmacy, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway 08854-8020, USA.


Previous experiments in vitro have suggested that cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) is involved in acetone catabolism by converting acetone to acetol and then to methylglyoxal, both intermediates in the gluconeogenic pathway. In the present study, CYP2E1-null mice were used to demonstrate the role of CYP2E1 in acetone catabolism in vivo. The blood acetone level in male CYP2E1-null mice was 3.3 +/- 0.9 microg/mL, which was similar to levels of their sex- and age-matched parental lineage strains C57BL/6N (2.3 +/- 0.2 microg/mL) and 129/Sv (3.5 +/- 0.3 microg/mL) mice (both are CYP2E1 wild-type). After fasting for 48 hr, the blood acetone levels in the CYP2E1 wild-type mice were increased by 2.5- to 4.4-fold, but that in the CYP2E1-null mice increased 28-fold. These results clearly demonstrate that CYP2E1 plays a vital role in the catabolism of acetone under fasting conditions.

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