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Biochem Pharmacol. 1999 Jul 15;58(2):273-8.

Peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptors in the regulation of proliferation of MCF-7 human breast carcinoma cell line.

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Department of Pharmacology, The Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa.


Peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptors (PBR) have been implicated in cell proliferation. The aim of the present study was to test the effect of the PBR ligands PK 11195 and Ro 5-4864 and the central-type benzodiazepine receptor ligand clonazepam on breast carcinoma cell proliferation, using [3H] thymidine incorporation. We then carried out a study to identify where the PBR-specific ligands Ro 5-4864 and PK 11195 act in the cell cycle, using flow cytometric analysis. We found PBR expression in the malignant breast cancer tumors, representing various levels of estrogen and/or progesterone receptors, as well as in the MCF-7 breast carcinoma cell line. PK 11195 and Ro 5-4864 inhibited cell proliferation at concentrations of 10(-5) to 10(-4) M, while clonazepam (the central-type benzodiazepine receptor-specific ligand) had no effect. In this same concentration range, PK 11195 and Ro 5-4864, in contrast to clonazepam, induced an accumulation of MCF-7 cells in both the G0-G1 and G2-M phases of the cell cycle. The present study demonstrates that PBR ligands play a role in regulating cell proliferation in the human breast carcinoma cell line MCF-7.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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