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Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 1999 Aug;78(7):615-21.

The Misgav Ladach method for cesarean section: method description.

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  • 1Department of Women's and Children's Health, Uppsala University, Sweden.



A method description is given for the Misgav Ladach method for cesarean section. This is based on the Joel-Cohen incision originally introduced for hysterectomy.


The incision is a straight transverse incision somewhat higher than the Pfannenstiel incision. The subcutaneous tissue is left undisturbed apart from the midline. The rectus sheath is separated along its fibres. The rectus muscles are separated by pulling. The peritoneum is opened by stretching with index fingers. The uterus is opened with an index finger and the hole enlarged between the index finger of one hand and the thumb on the other. The uterus is closed with a one-layer continuous locking stitch. The visceral and parietal peritoneal layers are left open. The rectus muscle is not stitched. The rectus sheath is stitched with a continuous non-locking stitch. The skin is closed with two or three mattress sutures. The space in between is apposed with non-traumatic forceps for 5 minutes.


The basic philosophy is to work in harmony with the body's anatomy and physiology and not against them. The method is restrictive in the use of sharp instruments, preferring manual manipulation.


The method gives quicker recovery, less use of post-operative antibiotics, antifebrile medicines and analgesics. There is a shorter anesthetic and shorter working time for the operative team. It is suitable for both emergency and planned operations.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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