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Eur J Pharmacol. 1999 Jun 25;374(3):489-94.

Regional difference in correlation of 5-HT4 receptor distribution with cholinergic transmission in the guinea pig stomach.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Nagasaki University School of Medicine, Japan.


Localization and function of 5-HT4 receptors in the stomach were examined in mucosa-free preparations of antrum, corpus and fundus from guinea pig stomach by determination of acetylcholine release and in vitro receptor autoradiography. Specific [125I]SB207710, (1-n-butyl-4-piperidinyl) methyl-8-amino-7-iodo-1,4-benzodioxane-5-carboxylate, binding sites were detected in 3 regions of the stomach. High densities of binding were observed in the myenteric plexus of antrum and corpus, but not fundus. In mucosa-free preparations treated with 5-HT1, 5-HT2 and 5-HT3 receptor antagonists, 5-HT (10(-8)-10(-6) M) potentiated the electrically stimulated (0.5 Hz, 1 ms) outflow of [3H]acetylcholine from antrum and corpus strips preloaded with [3H]choline, but not from fundus strips, and the potentiation was antagonized by SB204070, (1-n-butyl-4-piperidinyl) methyl-8-amino-7-chloro-1,4-benzodioxane-5-carboxylate. Thus, 5-HT4 receptors are located on myenteric cholinergic neurons in the antrum and corpus of guinea pig stomach and their activation evokes the release of acetylcholine.

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