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Med Mycol. 1999 Jun;37(3):183-94.

Cytokine and chemokine responses following pulmonary challenge with Aspergillus fumigatus: obligatory role of TNF-alpha and GM-CSF in neutrophil recruitment.

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Department of Microbiology, Guy's, King's and St Thomas's School of Medicine, London, UK.


Aspergillus fumigatus causes life-threatening invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in the immunocompromised patient. In this study we have used a murine model of intratracheal challenge with A. fumigatus to investigate the recruitment of inflammatory cells in the lung and the expression of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines. Our results show that A. fumigatus causes an acute pulmonary inflammatory response which is dominated by neutrophils and to a lesser extent macrophages. During the peak of infection, proinflammatory cytokines (TNF-alpha, GM-CSF and IL-1beta) and chemokines (MIP-1alpha, MCP-1 and MIP-2), are induced within the lung. Furthermore, treatment of mice with neutralizing anti-TNF-alpha and anti-GM-CSF mAbs reduced the influx of neutrophils into the lung and delayed fungal clearance. Our observations show that Aspergillus conidia are effective inducers of host chemokine responses both in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, TNF-alpha and GM-CSF play a central role in the recruitment of neutrophils into the lung in response to this clinically important pathogen.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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