Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Environ Health Perspect. 1999 Aug;107 Suppl 4:639-49.

Characterization of potential endocrine-related health effects at low-dose levels of exposure to PCBs.

Author information

1
Division of Toxicology, Department of Food Technology and Nutritional Sciences, Wageningen Agricultural University and Research Center, The Netherlands. bram.brouwer@algemeen.tox.wau.nl

Abstract

This article addresses issues related to the characterization of endocrine-related health effects resulting from low-level exposures to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). It is not intended to be a comprehensive review of the literature but reflects workshop discussions. "The Characterizing the Effects of Endocrine Disruptors on Human Health at Environmental Exposure Levels," workshop provided a forum to discuss the methods and data needed to improve risk assessments of endocrine disruptors. This article contains an overview of endocrine-related (estrogen and thyroid system) interactions and other low-dose effects of PCBs. The data set on endocrine effects includes results obtained from mechanistic methods/ and models (receptor based, metabolism based, and transport protein based), as well as from (italic)in vivo(/italic) models, including studies with experimental animals and wildlife species. Other low-dose effects induced by PCBs, such as neurodevelopmental and reproductive effects and endocrine-sensitive tumors, have been evaluated with respect to a possible causative linkage with PCB-induced alterations in endocrine systems. In addition, studies of low-dose exposure and effects in human populations are presented and critically evaluated. A list of conclusions and recommendations is included.

PMID:
10421775
PMCID:
PMC1567499
DOI:
10.1289/ehp.99107s4639
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center