Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Drug Metab Dispos. 1999 Aug;27(8):951-5.

Repeated oral rifampicin decreases the jejunal permeability of R/S-verapamil in rats.

Author information

Department of Pharmacy, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.


The main purpose of this rat study was to investigate the effect of rifampicin on the effective permeability (P(eff)) of R/S-verapamil in the rat jejunum. In addition the effect on metabolism of R/S-verapamil to R/S-norverapamil was examined. In situ single-pass perfusions of the rat jejunum were performed in animals pretreated with oral rifampicin (250 mg/kg/day) or saline (control) over various time periods (1, 4, 7, and 14 days). The jejunal P(eff) of each of the enantiomers of verapamil and D-glucose was estimated. The appearance ratios of the CYP3A-formed metabolites R- and S-norverapamil were also estimated in the outlet jejunal perfusate. The jejunal P(eff) of both R- and S-verapamil decreased as an effect of the oral pretreatment with rifampicin. The appearance of R- and S-norverapamil in the jejunum was also affected by the oral pretreatment with rifampicin, with increasing concentrations of R/S-norverapamil being evident after 14 days of rifampicin pretreatment. There was no stereoselectivity in either the P(eff) of R- and S-verapamil or the metabolic appearance of R- and S-norverapamil. Treatment with oral rifampicin decreased the P(eff) of R/S-verapamil, which is in accordance with an induction of P-glycoprotein activity in the apical enterocyte membrane. The increase in appearance of R/S-norverapamil in jejunum is in accordance with an induction of CYP3A metabolism in the rat.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center