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Curr Biol. 1999 Jul 15;9(14):751-4.

Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate triggers Ca2+ release from brain microsomes.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Biochemistry, Semmelweis University of Medicine, PO Box 262, Budapest, 1444, Hungary.

Abstract

Mobilization of Ca2+ from intracellular stores is an important mechanism for generating cytoplasmic Ca2+ signals [1]. Two families of intracellular Ca(2+)-release channels - the inositol-1,4, 5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptors and the ryanodine receptors (RyRs) - have been described in mammalian tissues [2]. Recently, nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP), a molecule derived from NADP+, has been shown to trigger Ca2+ release from intracellular stores in invertebrate eggs [3] [4] [5] [6] and pancreatic acinar cells [7]. The nature of NAADP-induced Ca2+ release is unknown but it is clearly distinct from the IP3- and cyclic ADP ribose (cADPR)-sensitive mechanisms in eggs (reviewed in [8] [9]). Furthermore, mammalian cells can synthesize and degrade NAADP, suggesting that NAADP-induced Ca2+ release may be widespread and thus contribute to the complexity of Ca2+ signalling [10] [11]. Here, we show for the first time that NAADP evokes Ca2+ release from rat brain microsomes by a mechanism that is distinct from those sensitive to IP3 or cADPR, and has a remarkably similar pharmacology to the action of NAADP in sea urchin eggs [12]. Membranes prepared from the same rat brain tissues are able to support the synthesis and degradation of NAADP. We therefore suggest that NAADP-mediated Ca2+ signalling could play an important role in neuronal Ca2+ signalling.

PMID:
10421579
DOI:
10.1016/s0960-9822(99)80335-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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