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Chem Biol Interact. 1999 May 14;119-120:379-88.

On the physiological role(s) of the paraoxonases.

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Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor 48109, USA.


In recent years several lines of evidence have indicated that serum paraoxonase (PON1), and perhaps other mammalian paraoxonases, act as important guardians against cellular damage from toxic agents, such as organophosphates, oxidized lipids in the plasma low density lipoproteins (LDL), and against bacterial endotoxins. For some of these protective activities but not all, PON1 requires calcium ion. The catalyzed chemical reactions generally seem to be hydrolytic, but for some types of protection this may not be so. Several other metals have very high affinity for PON1 and may displace calcium. Replacement or substitution of calcium by other metals could extend the range of catalytic properties and the substrate specificity of the paraoxonases, as it does for the mammalian DFPases. Although this Third International Meeting on Esterases Reacting with Organophosphorus Compounds focuses on the organophosphatase activities of paraoxonase and related enzymes, it is important to also briefly review some of the current directions in several laboratories searching for additional functions of the paraoxonases to extend our understanding of the properties of this family of enzymes which now seem to have both physiological and toxicological importance.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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