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Gynecol Oncol. 1999 Aug;74(2):255-8.

Ovarian metastasis in stage IB and II cervical adenocarcinoma.

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Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Niigata University School of Medicine, 1-757 Asahimachi-dori, Niigata, 951-8510, Japan.


We performed the present study to identify those patients with adenocarcinoma of the cervix in whom ovarian preservation might be acceptable. Between January 1971 and December 1996, 82 patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IB and II cervical adenocarcinoma and adenosquamous carcinoma, treated by radical hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and pelvic node dissection, were identified. The mean age of the patients was 44.6 years (range 27-72). The incidence of ovarian metastasis was more frequent in stage II (19.0%) than in stage IB disease (2.5%), in which only 1 patient with apparent extrauterine disease at laparotomy had an ovarian metastasis. No patients with up to inner two-thirds of stromal invasion had ovarian metastasis; however, 5 of 24 patients with outer one-third stromal invasion (20.8%) and 4 of 20 with parametrial invasion (20.0%) had ovarian metastasis. A significantly higher incidence of ovarian metastasis was also observed in 5 of 20 cases with lymph node metastasis (25.0%) than in 4 of 62 patients without lymph node metastasis (6.5%). Multivariate analysis, however, found only deep stromal invasion to be an independent risk factor for ovarian metastasis. Although it would be reasonable to conserve normal-appearing ovaries in young women undergoing radical hysterectomy for treatment of stage IB cervical adenocarcinoma and adenosquamous carcinoma, gross intraoperative inspection of the radical hysterectomy specimen may identify deep cervical invasion or extrauterine spread in those who are at increased risk of ovarian metastases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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