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Chem Biol Interact. 1999 Jul 1;121(2):141-59.

Effect of nonenzymatic glycation of albumin and superoxide dismutase by glucuronic acid and suprofen acyl glucuronide on their functions in vitro.

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School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 27599-7630, USA.


Acyl glucuronides bind irreversibly to plasma proteins, and one mechanism proposed for this covalent binding is similar to that for glycation of protein by reducing sugars. Because glycation of protein by glucose and other reducing sugars can alter protein function, this lead to the hypothesis that the glycation of proteins by acyl glucuronides may cause similar effects. When human serum albumin (HSA) was incubated with 0.5 M glucose for 5 days, the unbound fractions of diazepam and warfarin were increased by 41 and 35%, respectively, less than that caused by glucuronic acid which increased the unbound fractions by 90% for diazepam and 420% for warfarin. When HSA was incubated with suprofen glucuronide (SG) at a much lower concentration of 0.005 M for only 24 h, the effects on the unbound fractions of diazepam and warfarin to HSA were altered dramatically with increases of 340 and 230%, respectively. After incubation of superoxide dismutase (SOD) with 0.5 or 1 M reducing sugars for 14 days, the enzyme activity decreased to 82 and 61% of initial levels at day 14, respectively, whereas glucuronic acid almost completely inactivated the enzyme activity over the same period. Even at a very low concentration (0.005 M) of SG, SOD activity was reduced significantly to 11% of initial levels by day 14, which was comparable to the effect by 0.5 and 1.0 M concentrations of glucuronic acid. Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and matrix associated laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry indicated that several equivalents of reducing sugars or SG became attached to albumin after incubation. These results suggest that acyl glucuronides may affect the function of proteins by the formation of glycated protein in vivo and may be associated with the toxicity of xenobiotics metabolized to labile acyl glucuronides.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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