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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1999 Jul 1;176(1):183-90.

Co-expression of 3-ketoacyl-ACP reductase and polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase genes induces PHA production in Escherichia coli HB101 strain.

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Polymer Chemistry Laboratory, Institute of Physical and Chemical Research (RIKEN), Saitama, Japan.


The Escherichia coli 3-ketoacyl-ACP reductase gene (fabGEc) was cloned using a PCR technique to investigate the metabolic link between fatty acid metabolism and polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) production. Three plasmids respectively harboring fabGEc and the poly-3-hydroxyalkanoate synthesis genes phaCAc and phaC1Ps from Aeromonas caviae and Pseudomonas sp. 61-3 respectively were constructed and introduced into E. coli HB101 strain. On a two-stage cultivation using dodecanoate as the sole carbon source, recombinant E. coli HB101 strains harboring fabGEc and phaC genes accumulated PHA copolymers (about 8 wt% of dry cell weight) consisting of several (R)-3-hydroxyalkanoate units of C4, C6, C8, and C10. It has been suggested that overexpression of the fabGEc gene leads to the supply of (R)-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA for PHA synthesis via fatty acid degradation.

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