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Parasite Immunol. 1999 Aug;21(8):433-8.

Cytokine and chemokine secretion by human peripheral blood cells in response to viable Echinococcus multilocularis metacestode vesicles.

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Section of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Immunology, University of Ulm, D-89081 Ulm, Germany.


In human alveolar echinococcosis, asexually proliferating metacestodes of Echinococcus multilocularis progressively infiltrate host tissues and cause serious pathology to the affected organs. This study employed an in vitro culture of E. multilocularis and examined the production of cytokines and chemokines by peripheral blood cells from echinococcosis patients in response to viable proliferating E. multilocularis metacestode vesicles (Em-vesicles). A significant interleukin-8 (IL-8) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) production was elicited in echinococcosis patients when their cells were cocultured with viable Em-vesicles and autologous immune sera. Furthermore, in echinococcosis patients, substantial amounts of cytokines were detected; and the levels of IL-12 and IL-13 found in patients correlated with the actual state of clinical disease. These observations suggest that viable E. multilocularis vesicles will induce significant cellular production of cytokines and chemokines in patients, and that such immune mediators may activate and enhance antibody-dependent cellular effector mechanism against proliferating metacestodes of E. multilocularis.

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