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Int J Biol Macromol. 1999 Jun-Jul;25(1-3):79-85.

Improved production of poly(4-hydroxybutyrate) by Comamonas acidovorans and its freeze-fracture morphology.

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Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Saitama University, Urawa, Japan.


Production of poly(4-hydroxybutyrate) [P(4HB)] by Comamonas acidovorans JCM10181 was studied by introducing additional copies of its PHA synthase gene and the beta-ketothiolase gene. A multi-copy-number broad-host-range plasmid vector, pJRD215, was modified to contain the strong hybrid trc promoter in order to express these genes in the wild-type C. acidovorans. Increased copy-number of genes resulted in significant increase in the activities of corresponding enzymes, which could further be increased by inducing with isopropyl-beta-D-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG), indicating that the expression is under the transcriptional control of the trc promoter. P(4HB) biosynthesis in the recombinant C. acidovorans increased 2-fold to constitute more than 60 wt% of the dry cell weight. No significant decrease in the number-average molecular weights of P(4HB) in the recombinant strain was observed when compared with that of the wild-type. Freeze-fracture electron microscopy of intracellular P(4HB) granules revealed almost similar fracture morphology to the well-known mushroom-type deformation shown by polyhydroxyalkanoates with medium-chain-length monomers.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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