Send to

Choose Destination
Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1999 May 18;870:251-64.

Transposable elements as a molecular evolutionary force.

Author information

Biotechnology Institute, Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802, USA.
PA St U, University Park


This essay addresses the paradoxes of the complex and highly redundant genomes. The central theses developed are that: (1) the distinctive feature of complex genomes is the existence of epigenetic mechanisms that permit extremely high levels of both tandem and dispersed redundancy; (2) the special contribution of transposable elements is to modularize the genome; and (3) the labilizing forces of recombination and transposition are just barely contained, giving a dynamic genetic system of ever increasing complexity that verges on the chaotic.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center