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Anal Biochem. 1999 Aug 1;272(2):209-15.

Measurement of urinary F(2)-isoprostanes as markers of in vivo lipid peroxidation-A comparison of enzyme immunoassay with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.

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Western Australian Heart Research Institute, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, 6847, Australia.


This study aimed at comparing the two most commonly utilized methods for measuring urinary F(2)-isoprostanes, currently considered one of the best available markers of in vivo lipid peroxidation. The F(2)-isoprostanes were measured in 24-h urine samples from 14 male subjects using electron capture negative ionization gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (ECNI-GCMS) with 8-iso-PGF(2alpha)-d(4) as an internal standard and compared with levels obtained using an enzyme immunoassay (EIA, 8-iso-PGF(2alpha) kit, Cayman Chemical Co.). The methods were compared using Pearson correlation coefficients, and Bland-Altman plots were constructed for the difference in F(2)-isoprostane against the average F(2)-isoprostane measured by either method. Weighted least-products regression was used to determine fixed bias (where there is a consistent difference between the methods) and proportional bias (where one method gives values higher or lower than the other method by an amount proportional to the size of the measurement). The correlation between F(2)-isoprostane levels obtained using EIA and GCMS methods, although significant, was poor (r = 0.628, P < 0.02). Comparison of the methods using the Bland-Altman analysis showed that there were wide limits of agreement between the two methods with only 28% of the values falling within the 95% confidence limits for the difference. The GCMS gave higher values with a mean difference of 298.1 pM (636.6, -40.2; P = 0.079), and a near significant linear association between the differences and the mean F(2)-isoprostane level (r = -0.559, P = 0.05). Weighted least-product regression analysis confirmed the presence of both significant fixed and proportional bias with the EIA giving lower levels of F(2)-isoprostanes at low concentrations and higher levels at higher concentrations. The cross-reactivity in the EIA of 8-iso-15(R)-PGF(2alpha) and 9beta-PGF(2alpha) which coelute with the F(2)-isoprostane peak measured by GCMS was very low, 0.2 and 0.1%, respectively. The proportional bias observed between the methods may in part be due to differences in the relative amounts of 8-iso-15(R)-PGF(2alpha), 9beta-PGF(2alpha), and 8-iso-PGF(2alpha) with increasing lipid peroxidation. This study shows that the measurements of F(2)-isoprostanes by EIA and GCMS are not equivalent. Therefore, comparison of levels derived using a GCMS method which estimates concentration from a peak encompassing a number of F(2)-isoprostane isomers, and levels derived from enzyme immunoassay measuring a specific isoprostane, may be inappropriate.

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