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Arch Oral Biol. 1999 Jul;44(7):603-15.

Cytokine-mediated stimulation of laminin expression and cell-growth arrest in a human submandibular gland duct-cell line (HSG).

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  • 1University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Dentistry, 64108, USA.


Increased expression of laminin and various cytokines, including interferon-y (IFN-gamma) and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) has been demonstrated in minor salivary glands from patients with Sjögren's syndrome. Previous reports state that exposure of a human salivary-gland cell line (HSG) to IFN-gamma results in cellular changes similar to those in vivo Sjögren's syndrome. To begin studies of the cause of increased laminin expression in salivary glands in Sjögren's syndrome and laminin's role in the pathological process, the effects of IFN-gamma on laminin expression and growth of HSG cells were examined here. Subconfluent cultures of HSG cells were treated or not with IFN-gamma (1000 units/ml) for 1, 3 or 6 days. Immunoprecipitation showed that the expression of cell-associated laminin was significantly greater in IFN-gamma-treated cells at 3 or 6 days than in untreated cells, while no significant differences in laminin counts precipitated from the media were evident among any of the IFN-gamma-treated or untreated samples. Western blot analysis strongly suggested that this immunoprecipitated product is a dimer of the beta- and gamma-chains of laminin. Intracellular laminin was demonstrated immunocytochemically in a distinct, perinuclear pattern in both cytokine-treated and untreated cells. However, only faint staining for type IV collagen, and no staining for fibronectin were evident in untreated and cytokine-treated cells. An RNase protection assay showed only slight upregulation of the laminin beta-chain mRNA at 3 days, but no significant difference at 6 days of treatment. Taken together, these data suggest enhanced accumulation of a dimer of laminin beta- and gamma-chains in the cytoplasm of cytokine-treated HSG cells. However, mRNA for glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase was significantly reduced at 6 days of treatment, suggestive of cytokine-mediated metabolic abnormalities. IFN-gamma treatment also resulted in significant reductions in cell numbers over time, in agreement with previous reports. Treatment of HSG cells for 3 days with IFN-gamma (1000 U/ml) and TNF-alpha (20 U/ml) resulted in no significant changes in cell proliferation or laminin protein and/or mRNA species compared to cells treated with IFN-gamma alone. Karyotype analysis of HSG cells revealed human chromosomes with triploid chromosome numbers and rearrangements, characteristic of transformed cells. These data demonstrate that IFN-gamma increases the amount of intracellular laminin beta-gamma dimers while decreasing cell growth. Further studies are required to define an interaction between laminin expression and the growth and viability of HSG cells.

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