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Vet Microbiol. 1999 Jun 15;67(2):127-41.

Molecular subtyping of Staphylococcus aureus isolates from cases of bovine mastitis in Brazil.

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Institut für Tïerzucht und Tïerverhalten der Bundesforschungsanstalt für Landwirtschaft Braunschweig (FAL), Celle, Germany.


Sixty-six isolates of Staphylococcus aureus obtained from milk samples of dairy cows suffering from subclinical mastitis in southern Brazil were analysed by five different molecular typing methods. These included the analysis of plasmid profiles, the analysis of coagulase (coa) gene polymorphisms by PCR amplification of the 3' terminal region of the coa gene, the PCR-based detection of polymorphisms in the X region of the protein A gene (spa), the PCR-directed analysis of variations in the spacer region between 16S and 23S rRNA, and the comparison of pulsed-field gel electrophoretically separated genomic SmaI fragment patterns. The molecular typing methods were supplemented with the biochemical characterization of the isolates and the determination of their in-vitro susceptibility to 14 different antibiotics. All genotypic and phenotypic typing methods were analyzed for their ability to discriminate between the isolates. Macrorestriction analysis proved to be the most discriminatory single method (D = 0.96) followed by rRNA spacer typing (D = 0.85), coa PCR (D = 0.82), and spa PCR (D = 0.80).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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