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Exp Cell Res. 1999 Aug 1;250(2):558-68.

Stimulus-induced selective association of actin-associated proteins (alpha-actinin) and protein kinase C isoforms with the cytoskeleton of human neutrophils.

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1
Department of Pathology, University of Bern, Murtenstrasse 31, Bern, CH-3010, Switzerland. Niggli@patho.unibe.ch

Abstract

We report a selective, differential stimulus-dependent enrichment of the actin-associated protein alpha-actinin and of isoforms of the signaling enzyme protein kinase C (PKC) in the neutrophil cytoskeleton. Chemotactic peptide, activators of PKC, and cell adhesion all induce a significant increase in the amount of cytoskeletal alpha-actinin and actin. Increased association of PKCbetaI and betaII with the cytoskeletal fraction of stimulated cells was also observed, with phorbol ester being more effective than chemotactic peptide. A fraction of phosphatase 2A was constitutively associated with the cytoskeleton independent of cell activation. None of the stimuli promoted association of vinculin or myosin II with the cytoskeleton. Phosphatase inhibitors okadaic acid and calyculin A prevented increases in cytoskeletal actin, alpha-actinin, and PKCbetaII induced by phorbol ester, suggesting the requirement for phosphatase activity in these events. Increases in cytoskeletal alpha-actinin and PKCbetaII showed differing sensitivity to agents that prevent actin polymerization (cytochalasin D, latrunculin A). Latrunculin A (1 microM) completely blocked PMA-induced increases in cytoskeletal alpha-actinin but reduced cytoskeletal recruitment of PKCbetaII only by 16%. Higher concentrations of latrunculin A (4 microM), which almost abolished the cytoskeletal actin pool, reduced cytoskeletal PKCbetaII by 43%. In conclusion, a selective enrichment of cytoskeletal and signaling proteins in the cytoskeleton of human neutrophils is induced by specific stimuli.

PMID:
10413608
DOI:
10.1006/excr.1999.4548
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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