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Jpn J Ophthalmol. 1999 May-Jun;43(3):232-8.

Complications associated with vortex vein damage in scleral buckling surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

Author information

1
Department of Ophthalmology, Kagoshima University Faculty of Medicine, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To further understand postoperative complications after vortex vein damage during scleral buckling surgery.

METHODS:

The records of 34 patients (34 eyes) with vortex vein damage during scleral buckling surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment were reviewed and compared with the records of 410 eyes undergoing similar surgery without vortex vein damage.

RESULTS:

Postoperative complications were noted in 16 eyes (47%) of the damaged vortex vein group. The incidence of choroidal detachment, vitreous opacities, intraocular pressure elevation, and vitreous hemorrhage were 27%, 18%, 9%, and 6%, respectively, with a higher incidence than in the group without vortex vein damage. Other complications included development of epiretinal membrane (9%), subretinal hemorrhage (3%), and anterior segment ischemia (3%). Serous choroidal detachment occurred in the early postoperative days and subsided within 3 weeks. Vitreous opacification became marked in the later periods and continued for 2 months or longer. The incidence of postoperative choroidal detachment in the vortex vein damage group was related to the patient's age (P = .002) and the cutting of the vortex veins (P = .048), but was not related to preoperative conditions of retinal detachment or the number of vortex veins damaged. All the eyes except one achieved retinal reattachment after initial surgery.

CONCLUSIONS:

Choroidal detachment and vitreous opacity are common after scleral buckling surgery with vortex vein damage. Although intervention of the vortex veins during scleral buckling surgery is acceptable when performing otherwise difficult to achieve ample scleral indentation, it should be minimized to avoid increased incidence of postoperative complications.

PMID:
10413259
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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