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J Muscle Res Cell Motil. 1999 Feb;20(2):163-76.

A weakly coupled version of the Huxley crossbridge model can simulate energetics of amphibian and mammalian skeletal muscle.

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Department of Physiology, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.


This study aimed to establish whether quantitatively accurate predictions of the rate of crossbridge-dependent energy output from shortening muscle could be made on the basis of a 2-state model of crossbridge kinetics incorporating weak coupling between mechanical cycles and ATP hydrolysis. The model was based on Huxley's (1957) model but included rapid detachment, without ATP hydrolysis, of crossbridges when their strain energy increased sufficiently that crossbridge free energy exceeded that of the unbound state (Cooke et al., 1994). An expression was derived relating force to steady-state velocity in terms of the model's rate constants. The values of the rate constants that both provided the best fit through force-velocity data and correctly predicted crossbridge-dependent rate of energy output during an isometric contraction were found and used to predict the variation in rate of energy liberation with shortening velocity. The model predictions closely matched the estimated crossbridge energetics of frog sartorius muscle, including the decline in rate of enthalpy output at high shortening velocities. Data from fast- and slow-twitch muscles of the mouse were also simulated. The velocity-dependence of rate of energy liberation from fast-twitch EDL muscle was well described by the model. The model overestimated crossbridge-dependent energy output from slow-twitch soleus at low shortening velocities but provided accurate predictions of energy output at high velocities. In terms of this model, the distinctive energetics of fast and slow muscles cannot be explained exclusively by differences in cross-bridge detachment rate; differences in the relative rates of crossbridge attachment must also be considered to explain the different relations between energy output and shortening velocity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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