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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1999 Aug;290(2):840-6.

Pharmacology of tezosentan, new endothelin receptor antagonist designed for parenteral use.

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Actelion Ltd., Innovation Center, Allschwil, Switzerland.


Tezosentan (Ro 61-0612) [5-isopropyl-pyridine-2-sulfonic acid 6-(2-hydroxy-ethoxy)-5-(2-methoxy-phenoxy)-2-(2-1H-tetrazol-5-yl-+ ++pyri din-4-yl)-pyrimidin-4-ylamide] is a new endothelin (ET) receptor antagonist specifically designed for parenteral use. Tezosentan competitively antagonizes the specific binding of (125)I-labeled ET-1 and of the selective ET(B) receptor ligands (125)I-labeled ET-3 and (125)I-labeled sarafotoxin S6c on cells and tissues carrying ET(A) and ET(B) receptors, with inhibitory constants in the nanomolar range, and has high water solubility. Tezosentan exhibits high functional inhibitory potency for inhibiting contraction induced by ET-1 on isolated rat aorta (ET(A) receptors; pA(2) = 9.5) and by sarafotoxin S6c on rat trachea (ET(B) receptors; pA(2) = 7.7). In vivo, tezosentan inhibits the pressor effect of big ET-1 in pithed rats and increases ET-1 plasma concentrations in conscious rats in a dose-dependent fashion. In spontaneously hypertensive rats, i.v. injection of tezosentan has acute hemodynamic effects and decreases blood pressure. Tezosentan is also able to prevent the acute renal failure that complicates rhabdomyolysis in a rat model of myoglobinuric nephropathy. Finally, tezosentan exhibits an apparent elimination half-life of less than 1 h in rabbits and primates and of 2 h in rats. In conclusion, tezosentan, a potent mixed ET receptor antagonist with a short half-life, may offer a novel medical approach for the i.v. treatment of acute pathological conditions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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