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Mol Cell Endocrinol. 1999 Apr 25;150(1-2):1-10.

Actions of bFGF on mitogenic activity and lineage expression in rat osteoprogenitor cells: effect of age.

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Gerontology Research Center, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD 21224-6825, USA.


Rat osteoprogenitor cells were used to examine the effects of bFGF on DNA synthesis and the expression of osteoblast (OB)-related genes. bFGF, as low as 0.1 ng/ml, stimulated DNA synthesis. bFGF also increased the mRNA level of osteopontin (OP) and decreased that of type I collagen (COL I). When cultures were grown in dexamethasone (DEX) to induce OB lineage commitment, the expression of COL I, alkaline phosphatase (AP) and OP was greatly enhanced. Subsequent incubation with bFGF partially negated the stimulatory effect of DEX on AP and COL I mRNAs. bFGF also inhibited the expression of osteocalcin mRNA in cells grown in 1,25(OH)2D3 and DEX. Combined effects of bFGF with IGF-I or PDGF on DNA synthesis and OP expression were examined. bFGF + IGF-I, but not bFGF + PDGF, was more effective than PDGF alone. By comparing cells from adult and old animals, we found that bFGF-induced mitogenic activity was reduced significantly with age. In contrast, the effect of bFGF on the expression of OB genes was not significantly altered by age. These findings suggest that bFGF plays a dual role as a local positive and negative regulator on proliferation and osteogenic lineage expression, respectively, in osteoprogenitor cells, and that the mitogenic activity in response to bFGF was impaired in aging.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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