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Immunopharmacology. 1999 May;42(1-3):81-90.

Lysis via the lectin pathway of complement activation: minireview and lectin pathway enhancement of endotoxin-initiated hemolysis.

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Department of Immunology/Microbiology, Rush Medical College, Chicago IL, USA.


Lysis via the newly discovered lectin pathway of complement activation is reviewed. Mannan-coated erythrocytes sensitized with MBL are lysed in human serum containing Mg-EGTA via the lectin pathway by a process which requires alternative pathway amplification. The inhibitory activities of C4bp and factor H, which are augmented in the presence of MBL, regulate this hemolysis. Lectin pathway activity is enhanced by IgG, which inhibits H activity, and is inhibited by C-reactive protein, which enhances the activity of H. Lectin pathway hemolysis in Mg-EGTA also is seen in other species, and is particularly intense and does not require alternative pathway amplification in the guinea pig. New investigations using E-RaLPS as the MBL-binding agent allowed comparison with classical pathway activation by rabbit anti-RaLPS using the same indicator cell. E-RaLPS-MBL are lysed in human serum-Mg-EGTA, and alternative pathway amplification is required. The addition of rabbit anti-E to E-RaLPS-MBL leads to significant enhancement of lysis in Mg-EGTA, much greater than Ig enhancement of hemolysis via the alternative pathway. Lectin pathway activation also enhances the antibody-independent C activation of the classical C pathway via C1q by ReLPS, as well as the direct activation of the alternative C pathway by wild type LPS. Thus, potentiation of reactions initiated at sites of IgG deposition and Ig-independent complement activation represents another characteristic of the lectin pathway.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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