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Percept Mot Skills. 1999 Jun;88(3 Pt 1):1019-28.

Muscle test comparisons of congruent and incongruent self-referential statements.

Author information

1
Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA 19107-5004, USA.

Abstract

This study investigated differences in values of manual muscle tests after exposure to congruent and incongruent semantic stimuli. Muscle testing with a computerized dynamometer was performed on the deltoid muscle group of 89 healthy college students after repetitions of congruent (true) and incongruent (false) self-referential statements. The order in which statements were repeated was controlled by a counterbalanced design. The combined data showed that approximately 17% more total force over a 59% longer period of time could be endured when subjects repeated semantically congruent statements (p < .001). Order effects were not significant. Over-all, significant differences were found in muscle-test responses between congruent and incongruent semantic stimuli.

PMID:
10407911
DOI:
10.2466/pms.1999.88.3.1019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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