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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1999 Jul 13;1432(2):194-202.

Evidence of heterogeneous 1-anilinonaphthalene-8-sulfonate binding to beta-lactoglobulin from fluorescence spectroscopy.

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  • 1Istituto Nazionale per la Fisica della Materia and Universit√† di Milano-Bicocca, via Celoria 16 I-20133, Milan, Italy.


Steady-state and dynamic fluorescence titrations show that: (a) the complex between beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) and 1-anilinonaphthalene-8-sulfonate (ANS) displays a heterogeneous equilibrium with large changes in the binding strength vs. pH and ion concentration; and (b) the fluorescence response of bound ANS reveals two separate lifetimes that suggest two different sites (or binding modes). While steady-state fluorescence titrations yield effective values of the binding constant and of the bound ANS quantum efficiency, it is shown that, by combining steady-state fluorescence and lifetime decay of ANS, it is possible to give quantitative estimates of the association constants for each site. When heading from the acid (pH approximately 2) to the native state (pH approximately 6) the main result is a very large reduction of the effective binding constant. This and the results of titrations vs. ionic strength suggest that electrostatic interactions are a major contribution to ANS binding to BLG.

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