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Virology. 1999 Jul 20;260(1):84-8.

Influence of the human high-affinity IgG receptor FcgammaRI (CD64) on residual infectivity of neutralized dengue virus.

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Department of Medicine, The Rochester General Hospital and University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York, 14621-3001, USA.


We examined dengue virus immune complex-phagocyte interaction with respect to a single Fc receptor class using a transient expression system involving the high-affinity human macrophage receptor, FcgammaRI. We found that New Guinea C strain dengue 2 virus formed well-defined plaques in normal and transfected COS cells and we analyzed the structural determinants of FcgammaRI-mediated binding and internalization of dengue 2 virus immune complexes by expressing native or truncated forms of the receptor in COS cells, alone or with its accessory gamma chain signaling unit, which bears an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM). The residual infectivity of dengue 2 virus treated with neutralizing human antiserum was strikingly higher in FcgammaRI-bearing COS cells than in controls. Compatible with the IgG subclass specificity of FcgammaRI, this difference was abrogated quantitatively by treatment of FcgammaRI-transfected cells with human IgG1 but not IgG2 myeloma protein. The magnitude of receptor-mediated plaque formation after cotransfection with gamma chain was also significantly higher than in controls but was less than that observed with FcgammaRI transfection only, a difference probably explained by reduced levels of FcgammaRI expression in gamma chain cotransfectants. Deletion of the FcgammaRI cytoplasmic domain had no effect on receptor-mediated immune complex infectivity. We conclude that the FcgammaRI extracellular domain is sufficient for internalization of infectious dengue virus immune complexes through a mechanism that does not involve classical ITAM-dependent signaling.

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