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Am J Cardiol. 1999 Jul 1;84(1):18-23.

Intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation before primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty reduces catheterization laboratory events in high-risk patients with acute myocardial infarction.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, The Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital, and the LeBauer Cardiovascular Research Foundation, Greensboro, North Carolina, USA.

Abstract

The benefit of intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABC) before primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) for acute myocardial infarction in high-risk patients has not been well documented. Consecutive patients (n = 1,490) with acute myocardial infarction treated with primary PTCA from 1984 to 1997 were prospectively enrolled in an ongoing registry. Catheterization laboratory events occurred during or after intervention in 88 patients (5.9%), including ventricular fibrillation in 59 patients (4.0%), cardiopulmonary arrest in 46 patients (3.1%), and prolonged hypotension in 33 patients (2.2%). Cardiogenic shock was the strongest predictor of catheterization laboratory events (odds ratio [OR] 2.18, 95% confidence intervals [CI] 1.58 to 3.02) followed by low ejection fraction (<30%) (OR 1.51, 95% CI 1.06 to 2.15) and congestive heart failure (CHF) (OR 1.45, 95% CI 1.01 to 2.07). IABC used before intervention was associated with fewer catheterization laboratory events in patients with cardiogenic shock (n = 1 19) (14.5% vs. 35.1%, p = 0.009), in patients with CHF or low ejection fraction (n = 119) (0% vs. 14.6%, p = 0.10), and in all high-risk patients combined (n = 238) (1 1.5% vs. 21.9%, p = 0.05). IABC was a significant independent predictor of freedom from catheterization laboratory events (OR 0.48, 95% CI 0.29 to 0.79). These data support the use of IABC before primary PTCA for acute myocardial infarction in all patients with cardiogenic shock, and suggest that prophylactic IABC may also be beneficial in patients with CHF or depressed left ventricular function.

PMID:
10404845
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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