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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1999 Jul;84(7):2314-9.

Effect of overnight restoration of euglycemia on glucose effectiveness in type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Author information

1
Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Nutrition, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA.

Abstract

The ability of glucose to stimulate its own uptake and suppress its own release is impaired in type 2 diabetes. To determine whether glucose effectiveness is improved by short term euglycemia, 10 type 2 diabetic subjects were studied on 2 occasions. Insulin was infused throughout the night to maintain euglycemia (approximately 5 mmol/L), or glucose was permitted to remain at ambient hyperglycemic levels (approximately 10 mmol/L) until the following morning when euglycemia was achieved with a variable insulin infusion. A prandial glucose infusion (containing 35 g glucose) was started at 1000 h, and the variable insulin infusion was replaced by a constant infusion of insulin (0.25 mU/ kg x min), somatostatin (60 ng/kg x min), glucagon (0.65 ng/kg x min), and GH (3 ng/kg x min) to maintain hormone concentrations at constant basal levels. Although nocturnal glucose concentrations were (by design) higher (P<0.01) on the hyperglycemic than on the euglycemic study day (10.1+/-0.2 vs. 5.4+/-0.1 mmol/L), glucose concentrations did not differ either before (4.9+/-0.1 vs. 4.9+/-0.1 mmol/L) or during the prandial glucose infusion (peak, 11.1+/-0.5 vs. 11.3+/-0.5 mmol/L; incremental area, 1390+/-254 vs. 1409+/-196 mmol/L x 6 h). Furthermore, glucose-induced stimulation of glucose disappearance (2068+/-218 vs. 1957+/-244 micromol/kg x 6 h) and suppression of glucose production (-2253+/-378 vs. -2124+/-257 micromol/kg x 6 h) did not differ. Thus, restoration of euglycemia by means of an overnight insulin infusion does not alter glucose effectiveness in people with type 2 diabetes.

PMID:
10404795
DOI:
10.1210/jcem.84.7.5860
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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