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Biotechnol Bioeng. 1999 Sep 5;64(5):607-15.

Genetically controlled cell lysis in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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Department of Biomolecular Sciences, UMIST, P.O. Box 88, Manchester M60 1QD, UK.


The cell wall of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a tough, rigid structure, which presents a significant barrier to the release of native or recombinant proteins from this biotechnologically important organism. There is hence a need to develop inexpensive and efficient methods of lysing yeast cells in order to release their intracellular contents. To develop such a method, a tightly regulated promoter, pMET3, has been used to control three genes involved in cell wall biogenesis: PDE2, SRB1/PSA1, and PKC1. Two of these regulation cassettes, pMET3-SRB1/PSA1 and pMET3-PKC1, have been integrated at the chromosomal loci of the respective genes in order to overcome problems of plasmid instability. Although repression of PDE2 did not cause cell lysis, cells depleted of Srb1p/Psa1p gradually lost their viability and integrity, releasing about 10% of total protein into the medium. Repression of PKC1 led to extensive cell lysis, accompanied by the release of 45% of cellular protein into the medium. A double mutant, carrying both pMET3-SRB1/PSA1 and pMET3-PKC1 cassettes in place of SRB1/PSA1 and PKC1, was constructed and found to permit the efficient release of both homologous and heterologous proteins. &copy 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.,

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