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Biochimie. 1999 May;81(5):557-62.

Molecular evolution of thyroid peroxidase.

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Department of Pharmacology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas 75235-9041, USA.


Thyroid peroxidase is a member of a family of mammalian peroxidases that includes myeloperoxidase, lactoperoxidase, eosinophil peroxidase, and salivary peroxidase. Protein sequences showing a high degree of sequence similarity with mammalian peroxidases have recently been observed in several invertebrate species. A multiple sequence alignment prepared with five mammalian and six invertebrate peroxidases shows complete conservation of amino acid residues considered to be important in the formation of peroxidase compound 1. These include the distal and proximal histidines, a catalytic arginine residue, and an asparagine residue hydrogen bonded to the proximal histidine. TPO-2, an alternatively spliced form of TPO, lacks the essential asparagine (Asn 579). It is now possible to speak more broadly of the family of animal peroxidases, rather than mammalian peroxidases. The animal peroxidases comprise a group of homologous proteins that differ markedly from the plant/fungal/bacterial peroxidases in primary, secondary and tertiary structure, but which share with them a common function. Animal peroxidases probably arose independently of the plant/fungal/bacterial peroxidase superfamily and most likely belong to a different gene family. The relationship between animal and non-animal peroxidases probably represents an example of convergent evolution to a common enzymatic mechanism.

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