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J Biol Chem. 1999 Jul 16;274(29):20679-87.

ZRP-1, a zyxin-related protein, interacts with the second PDZ domain of the cytosolic protein tyrosine phosphatase hPTP1E.

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  • 1Pharmaceutical Biotechnology Sector, Biotechnology Research Institute, Montreal, Quebec H4P 2R2, Canada.


Protein-protein interactions play an important role in the specificity of cellular signaling cascades. By using the yeast two-hybrid system, a specific interaction was identified between the second PDZ domain of the cytosolic protein tyrosine phosphatase hPTP1E and a novel protein, which was termed ZRP-1 to indicate its sequence similarity to the Zyxin protein family. The mRNA encoding this protein is distributed widely in human tissues and contains an open reading frame of 1428 base pairs, predicting a polypeptide of 476 amino acid residues. The deduced protein displays a proline-rich amino-terminal region and three double zinc finger LIM domains at its carboxyl terminus. The specific interaction of this novel protein with the second PDZ domain of hPTP1E was demonstrated both in vitro, using bacterially expressed proteins, and in vivo, by co-immunoprecipitation studies. Deletion analysis indicated that an intact carboxyl terminus is required for its interaction with the second PDZ domain of hPTP1E in the yeast two-hybrid system and suggested that other sequences, including the LIM domains, also participate in the interaction. The genomic organization of the ZRP-1 coding sequence is identical to that of the lipoma preferred partner gene, another Zyxin-related protein, suggesting that the two genes have evolved from a recent gene duplication event.

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