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Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 1999 Jun;82(6):549-53.

Prevention of exercise-induced asthma by a natural isomer mixture of beta-carotene.

Author information

1
Department of Allergy, Hasharon Hospital, Rabin Medical Center, Petach Tivka, Israel.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The unicellular alga Dunaliella bardawil was previously shown to contain very high concentrations of beta-carotene composed of equal amounts of the all-trans and 9-cis stereoisomers which differ in their physicochemical features and antioxidative activity. Due to the controversy regarding the beneficial effect of antioxidants on asthma, the acute effects of beta-carotene of Dunaliella was assessed on airway hyperreactivity in patients with exercise-induced asthma (EIA).

METHODS:

Thirty-eight patients with EIA participated in our study to verify the antioxidative effect. The test was based on the following sequence: baseline pulmonary function, 7 minutes exercise session on a motorized treadmill, 8 minutes rest, 1-week oral random, double-blind supplementation of placebo or 64 mg/day beta-carotene, pulmonary functions at rest, 7 minutes exercise session, 8 minutes rest and again pulmonary functions.

RESULTS:

All patients given placebo showed a significant postexercise reduction of more than 15% in their forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1). Of the 38 patients who received a daily dose of 64 mg of beta-carotene for 1 week, 20 (53%) were protected against EIA.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our results indicate that a daily dose of Dunaliella beta-carotene exerts a protective effect against EIA in some patients most probably through in vivo antioxidative effect.

PMID:
10400482
DOI:
10.1016/S1081-1206(10)63165-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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