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Ter Arkh. 1999;71(5):30-4.

[The classical and alternative pathways of T-lymphocyte activation in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus].

[Article in Russian]

Abstract

AIM:

To study activation of T-lymphocytes by the CD3 (antigen-dependent) and CD2 (non-antigen-dependent) routes in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Peripheral blood mononuclears were studied in 66 patients with SLE and 27 donors. Proliferative response to activation by anti-CD3, anti-CD3+ phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA), phytohemagglutinin (PHA), and autologous erythrocytes in combinations with PMA and recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2) was assessed.

RESULTS:

T-cell proliferation was at least two times increased under the effect of CD3 in 40.9% patients and in 100% normal subjects. Stimulation with CD3 antibodies in combination with PMA leveled the differences due to boosting of T-cell response in SLE patients. PMA alone caused mononuclear proliferation in 25% patients with SLE but not in normal subjects. Decreased response of T-cells to adhesive stimulus (autologous erythrocytes + PMA) in SLE patients was leveled by rIL-2.

CONCLUSION:

The proliferative response of T-lymphocytes is decreased upon stimulation with CD3 and CD2 and in some patients increased by PMA in submitogenic doses, added alone or in combination with anti-CD3.

PMID:
10399227
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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