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J Pathol. 1999 May;188(1):93-9.

L-selectin and its ligands mediate infiltration of mononuclear cells into kidney interstitium after ureteric obstruction.

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1
Department of Medicine III, Okayama University Medical School, Okayama 700-8558, Japan.

Abstract

It was previously reported that the L-selectin ligands detected by a rat L-selectin and human IgG chimeric molecule (rLEC-IgG) are expressed in the distal tubules of the kidney, where no leukocyte traffic is seen under physiological conditions. In the present study, the role of L-selectin ligands in leukocyte infiltration into the kidney interstitium was investigated using a rat ureteric obstruction model. After ligation of the ureter, ligands for L-selectin rapidly disappeared from tubular epithelial cells and were relocated to the interstitium and peritubular capillary walls, where infiltration of monocytes and CD8(+) T cells subsequently occurred. Mononuclear cell infiltration was significantly inhibited by intravenous injection of a neutralizing monoclonal antibody (MAb) against L-selectin, indicating the possible involvement of an L-selectin-mediated pathway. Interestingly, immunohistochemical studies with a MAb against sulphatide showed that the distribution of sulphatide, known to be one of the candidates of L-selectin ligand, was almost indistinguishable from the staining pattern of rLEC-IgG in both normal and ureteric obstructed kidneys, suggesting that sulphatide and/or related molecule(s) relocated to the renal interstitium were recognized by leukocyte L-selectin, leading to interstitial leukocyte infiltration. In line with this notion, intravenous injection of sulphatide markedly inhibited leukocyte infiltration, suggesting that L-selectin-sulphatide interaction may play a pivotal role in interstitial leukocyte infiltration in the kidney following ureteric obstruction.

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