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Immunol Lett. 1999 May 3;68(1):141-6.

MCP-1 expression as a potential contributor to the high malignancy phenotype of murine mammary adenocarcinoma cells.

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Department of Cell Research and Immunology, George S. Wise Faculty of Life Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Israel.


The search for mechanisms that regulate tumor progression has motivated the authors' laboratory to establish a unique murine model system, consisting of two lines of DA3 mammary adenocarcinoma cells that were derived originally from a common ancestor but differed in their malignant potential. Studies indicated that the highly malignant phenotype manifested by one of the cell lines (termed Ly-6hi DA3 cells) was associated with high expression of the Ly-6E.1 antigen. To characterize the mechanisms controlling the high malignancy phenotype expressed by Ly-6hi DA3 cells, the study was focussed on the potential contribution of tumor-derived factors to the high malignancy phenotype expressed by these cells. To this end, the expression of CC chemokines, major chemoattractants of monocytes and T cells, by the highly malignant Ly-6hi DA3 cells as compared to the low malignancy Ly-6lo DA3 cells was evaluated. The results indicate that the highly malignant cells express higher levels of factors that induce monocyte migration than the low malignancy cells. Two CC chemokines were shown to be highly produced by Ly-6hi DA3 cells, MIP-1alpha and MCP-1, of which only the latter was shown to contribute to the high migratory activity expressed by the high malignancy Ly-6hi DA3 cells. Since MCP-1 may attract monocytes to tumor sites, these findings suggest that monocyte-derived mediators, such as growth factors or angiogenic cytokines, have pro-malignancy effects that contribute to the high malignancy phenotype expressed by Ly-6hi DA3 cells.

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