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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1999 Jul 8;1450(3):364-73.

Differential expression of the RTP/Drg1/Ndr1 gene product in proliferating and growth arrested cells.

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UPR CNRS 1142-Cp91, Place Eugène Bataillon, Université Montpellier II, 34095, Montpellier Cedex 05, France.


Using a differential display method to identify differentiation-related genes in human myelomonocytic U937 cells, we cloned the cDNA of a gene identical to Drg1 and homologous to other recently discovered genes, respectively human RTP and Cap43 and mouse Ndr1 and TDD5 genes. Their open reading frames encode proteins highly conserved between mouse and man but which do not share homology with other know proteins. Conditions in which mRNAs are up-regulated suggest a role for the protein in cell growth arrest and terminal differentiation. We raised antibodies against a synthetic peptide reproducing a characteristic sequence of the putative polypeptide chain. These antibodies revealed a protein with the expected 43 kDa molecular mass, up-regulated by phorbol ester, retinoids and 1,25-(OH)2 vitamin D3 in U937 cells. It was increased in mammary carcinoma MCF-7 cells treated by retinoids and by the anti-estrogen ICI 182,780 but not by 4-hydroxytamoxifen. The mouse Drg1 homologous protein was up-regulated by retinoic acid in C2 myogenic cells. The diversity of situations in which expression of RTP/Drg1/Ndr1 has now been observed shows that it is widely distributed and up-regulated by various agents. Here we show that ligands of nuclear transcription factors involved in cell differentiation are among the inducers of this novel protein.

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