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Am J Public Health. 1999 Jul;89(7):1049-53.

Association between iron deficiency and low-level lead poisoning in an urban primary care clinic.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass. 02115, USA. robert.wright@channing.harvard.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this study was to examine the association between iron deficiency and low-level lead poisoning.

METHODS:

Data were collected in an urban primary care clinic from 3650 children aged 9 to 48 months. Iron deficiency was defined as a red cell mean corpuscular volume (MCV) of less than 70 fL and a red cell distribution width (RDW) of more than 14.5 in children younger than 2 years, and an MCV of less than 73 fL and RDW of more than 14.5 in those 2 years or older.

RESULTS:

After adjustment for age, hemoglobin concentration, and insurance status, the odds ratios for iron deficiency predicting blood lead levels greater than or equal to 5 micrograms/dL and greater than or equal to 10 micrograms/dL were 1.63 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.29, 2.04) and 1.44 (95% CI = 1.004, 2.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Iron deficiency is significantly associated with low-level lead poisoning in children aged 9 to 48 months.

PMID:
10394314
PMCID:
PMC1508857
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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