Send to

Choose Destination
Am J Pathol. 1999 Jul;155(1):213-21.

Specific inhibitors of platelet-derived growth factor or epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase reduce pulmonary fibrosis in rats.

Author information

Laboratories of Pulmonary Pathobiology, Experimental Pathology, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA.


The proliferation of myofibroblasts is a central feature of pulmonary fibrosis. In this study we have used tyrosine kinase inhibitors of the tyrphostin class to specifically block autophosphorylation of the platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGF-R) or epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R). AG1296 specifically inhibited autophosphorylation of PDGF-R and blocked PDGF-stimulated [3H]thymidine uptake by rat lung myofibroblasts in vitro. AG1478 was demonstrated as a selective blocker of EGF-R autophosphorylation and inhibited EGF-stimulated DNA synthesis in vitro. In a rat model of pulmonary fibrosis caused by intratracheal instillation of vanadium pentoxide (V2O5), intraperitoneal delivery of 50 mg/kg AG1296 or AG1478 in dimethylsulfoxide 1 hour before V2O5 instillation and again 2 days after instillation reduced the number of epithelial and mesenchymal cells incorporating bromodeoxyuridine (Brdu) by approximately 50% at 3 and 6 days after instillation. V2O5 instillation increased lung hydroxyproline fivefold 15 days after instillation, and AG1296 was more than 90% effective in preventing the increase in hydroxyproline, whereas AG1478 caused a 50% to 60% decrease in V2O5-stimulated hydroxyproline accumulation. These data provide evidence that PDGF and EGF receptor ligands are potent mitogens for collagen-producing mesenchymal cells during pulmonary fibrogenesis, and targeting tyrosine kinase receptors could offer a strategy for the treatment of fibrotic lung diseases.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center