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J Pediatr. 1999 Jul;135(1):111-4.

Efficacy of cyclosporin A in children with type 2 autoimmune hepatitis.

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Service d'Hépatologie Pédiatrique, Hôpital de Bicêtre, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France.


The conventional treatment of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) with prednisone and azathioprine induces remission in most cases but is often associated with poorly tolerated side effects. We carried out a retrospective study to evaluate the efficacy of and the tolerance to cyclosporin treatment in 15 children and adolescents with type 2 AIH. Eight children received cyclosporin as primary immunosuppression because of risk factors for poor tolerance of steroids. Five other patients with relapsing AIH refused to resume treatment with steroids and were treated with cyclosporin. In both groups alanine aminotransferase activity returned to normal within 6 months. Side effects were minimal and well tolerated. No relapse occurred in 10 patients after 1 to 6 years. Cyclosporin was withdrawn in 3 patients after 1, 2, and 3 years and replaced by low doses of prednisone in combination with azathioprine. In 2 other children with acute liver failure, which progressed despite treatment with steroids and azathioprine, the addition of cyclosporin was followed by normalization of prothrombin time.

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