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Biochemistry. 1999 Jul 6;38(27):8820-5.

Characterization of an inverted repeat with a zero spacer (IR0)-type retinoic acid response element from the mouse nuclear orphan receptor TR2-11 gene.

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Department of Pharmacology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455, USA.


An inverted repeat with zero nucleotides in the spacer (IR0, 5'-GGGTCA CGAACT-3') element was localized in the proximal promoter region of the mouse TR2-11 gene, and characterized as a functional retinoic acid response element (RARE). In gel mobility shift assays, heterodimers of retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARalpha) and retinoid X receptor beta (RXRbeta) bound specifically to this element. Neither receptor alone was able to bind to this element efficiently. The dissociation constant (Kd) with respect to RAR-RXR binding was estimated to be 8 nM. The biological activity of this IR0 element was assessed in a heterologous reporter system. The IR0-containing reporter was induced by RA in COS-1 cells in the presence of exogenously provided RARalpha and RXRbeta. In addition, the IR0 oligomers could be bound by nuclear extracts isolated from COS-1 cells harboring the expression vectors for RARalpha and RXRbeta, but not by extracts isolated from control COS-1 cells. RA responsiveness of this IR0 was further confirmed in P19 cells that expressed endogenous RARs and RXRs. Collectively, these data demonstrated, for the first time, the presence of a natural RARE of the IR0 type, and suggested a potential cross-talk between nuclear orphan receptor TR2-11 and RAR-RXR families.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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