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Biochemistry. 1999 Jul 6;38(27):8778-85.

Unique binding site for Mn2+ ion responsible for reducing an oxidized YZ tyrosine in manganese-depleted photosystem II membranes.

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Laboratory for Photo-Biology, RIKEN Photodynamics Research Center, The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research, Sendai, Japan.


Binding of Mn2+ to manganese-depleted photosystem II and electron donation from the bound Mn2+ to an oxidized YZ tyrosine were studied under the same equilibrium conditions. Mn2+ associated with the depleted membranes in a nonsaturating manner when added alone, but only one Mn2+ ion per photosystem II (PS II) was bound to the membranes in the presence of other divalent cations including Ca2+ and Mg2+. Mn2+-dependent electron donation to photosystem II studied by monitoring the decay kinetics of chlorophyll fluorescence and the electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) signal of an oxidized YZ tyrosine (YZ+) after a single-turnover flash indicated that the binding of only one Mn2+ ion to the manganese-depleted PS II is sufficient for the complete reduction of YZ+ induced by flash excitation. The results indicate that the manganese-depleted membranes have only one unique binding site, which has higher affinity and higher specificity for Mn2+ compared with Mg2+ and Ca2+, and that Mn2+ bound to this unique site can deliver an electron to YZ+ with high efficiency. The dissociation constant for Mn2+ of this site largely depended on pH, suggesting that a single amino acid residue with a pKa value around neutral pH is implicated in the binding of Mn2+. The results are discussed in relation to the photoactivation mechanism that forms the active manganese cluster.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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