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Gene. 1999 Jun 24;234(1):149-59.

Cloning, characterisation, and functional expression of the Mus musculus SKD1 gene in yeast demonstrates that the mouse SKD1 and the yeast VPS4 genes are orthologues and involved in intracellular protein trafficking.

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Biologisch-Medizinisches Forschungszentrum, Heinrich-Heine-Universitat Dusseldorf, Moorenstrasse 5, 40225, Dusseldorf, Germany.


The mouse SKD1 protein displays a high degree of sequence identity (62%) to the yeast Vps4 protein, which is involved in the transport of proteins out of a prevacuolar/endosomal compartment. We isolated the mouse SKD1 locus and found that the SKD1 gene is split into 11 exons covering a region of 29kb of the genome. Interestingly, the exon/intron structure reflects to a certain degree the proposed domain structure of the protein, since the 5' located coiled-coil region and the AAA domain are flanked by introns. Analysis of the promoter region, which revealed features common for 'housekeeping genes', is consistent with previous results of a mouse multi-tissue Northern blot, confirming that SKD1 is a ubiquitously expressed gene. Expression of the full-length SKD1 cDNA in a vps4 disrupted yeast strain suppressed the temperature-sensitive growth defect of the vps4 mutant strain. Overexpression of wild type and expression of mutant Vps4 and SKD1 proteins, harbouring single amino acid exchanges in their AAA domains, induced a dominant-negative vacuolar protein sorting defect in wild type yeast cells, indicating that mouse SKD1 protein and yeast Vps4p fulfil similar functions.

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