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Neuroscience. 1999;92(1):177-84.

Beta-amyloid peptide fragment 31-35 induces apoptosis in cultured cortical neurons.

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1
Department of Neurobiology, Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, P.R. China.

Abstract

A synthetic fragment 31-35 of beta-amyloid peptide was used in cultured cortical neurons to examine whether this smaller sequence could trigger apoptotic degeneration in vitro by using morphological, biochemical and flow-cytometric examinations. The results showed that: (i) neurons treated with fragment 31-35 of beta-amyloid peptide exhibited membrane blebbing, compaction of nuclear chromatin, nuclear shrinkage and nuclear fragmentation; (ii) a typical DNA ladder was revealed by agarose gel electrophoresis following fragment 31-35 of beta-amyloid peptide exposure; (iii) the internucleosome DNA fragmentation was also detected by flow-cytometric examination following fragment 31-35 of beta-amyloid peptide exposure; and (iv) the DNA fragmentation induced by fragment 31-35 of beta-amyloid peptide in the above two examinations could be blocked by co-treatment with aurintricarboxylic acid or actinomycin D. It is suggested that fragment 31-35 of the beta-amyloid peptide may be a shorter sequence of beta-amyloid peptide responsible for triggering an apoptotic process in cultured neurons.

PMID:
10392840
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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