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Neuroscience. 1999;91(4):1257-64.

Brain-derived neurotrophic factor, neurotrophin-3 and neurotrophin-4/5 differentially regulate the phenotype and prevent degenerative changes in striatal projection neurons after excitotoxicity in vivo.

Author information

1
Departament de Biologia Cellular i Anatomia Patològica, Facultat de Medicina, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

To determine whether growth factors of the neurotrophin family are able to regulate the phenotype of striatal projection neurons, cell lines overexpressing brain-derived neurotrophic factor, neurotrophin-3 or neurotrophin-4/5 were intrastriatally grafted. Striatal projection neurons were examined for the regulation of their soma areas and for the expression of glutamate decarboxylase 67, preprotachykinin A, preproenkephalin and prodynorphin messenger RNAs by in situ hybridization. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor, neurotrophin-3 and neurotrophin-4/5 differentially regulated the soma area of projection neurons at different distances from the graft, but did not modify their messenger RNA levels. Neurotrophin-3 induced an increase in the soma area of preproenkephalin- and preprotachykinin A-positive neurons, brain-derived neurotrophic factor increased the soma area of only preprotachykinin A-positive neurons, while neurotrophin-4/5 did not produce any effect. Because atrophy and neuronal loss are hallmarks of Huntington's disease, we next examined whether neurotrophins prevent degenerative changes in a quinolinate model of Huntington's disease. Seven days after intrastriatal quinolinate injection, we observed a halo of cell loss around the injection sites, reduced soma area of glutamate decarboxylase 67-, preproenkephalin- and preprotachykinin A-positive neurons bordering the lesion, and a decrease in the messenger RNA levels of glutamate decarboxylase 67 and these neuropeptides. Grafting of cell lines expressing brain-derived neurotrophic factor, neurotrophin-3 or neurotrophin-4/5 reduced the size of the lesion for preproenkephalin-, preprotachykinin- and glutamate decarboxylase 67-, but not for prodynorphin-positive neurons. Moreover, the three neurotrophins prevented the atrophy of all projection neurons, and the lesion-induced decrease in preproenkephalin and preprotachykinin A messenger RNA levels. We conclude that neurotrophins differentially regulate the phenotype of striatal projection neurons and prevent degenerative changes. The higher efficiency of neurotrophin-3 suggests a potential therapeutic application of this molecule in neurological disorders affecting striatal projection neurons, such as Huntington's disease.

PMID:
10391433
DOI:
10.1016/s0306-4522(98)00723-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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