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Genetics. 1999 Jul;152(3):933-41.

Conservation of ARS elements and chromosomal DNA replication origins on chromosomes III of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and S. carlsbergensis.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, New Jersey Medical School and Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Newark, New Jersey 07103, USA.


DNA replication origins, specified by ARS elements in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, play an essential role in the stable transmission of chromosomes. Little is known about the evolution of ARS elements. We have isolated and characterized ARS elements from a chromosome III recovered from an alloploid Carlsberg brewing yeast that has diverged from its S. cerevisiae homeologue. The positions of seven ARS elements identified in this S. carlsbergensis chromosome are conserved: they are located in intergenic regions flanked by open reading frames homologous to those that flank seven ARS elements of the S. cerevisiae chromosome. The S. carlsbergensis ARS elements were active both in S. cerevisiae and S. monacensis, which has been proposed to be the source of the diverged genome present in brewing yeast. Moreover, their function as chromosomal replication origins correlated strongly with the activity of S. cerevisiae ARS elements, demonstrating the conservation of ARS activity and replication origin function in these two species.

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