Send to

Choose Destination
Exp Cell Res. 1999 Jul 10;250(1):1-9.

The HNF-3alpha transcription factor is a primary target for retinoic acid action.

Author information

Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, The Chicago Medical School, North Chicago, Illinois, 60064, USA.


We have previously demonstrated that gene expression of the hepatocyte nuclear factor 3alpha (HNF-3alpha) transcription factor is activated during retinoic-acid-induced differentiation of F9 embryonal carcinoma cells (A. Jacob et al. (1994). Nucleic Acids Res. 22, 2126-2133). We have extended these studies and now show that HNF-3alpha mRNA is induced approximately 6 h after addition of retinoic acid to the cells, peaks at 1 day postdifferentiation, and then declines to undetectable levels. Furthermore, HNF-3alpha induction occurs in the absence of de novo protein synthesis, suggesting that it is a primary target for retinoic acid action. In order to corroborate this hypothesis, we have mapped the cis-acting HNF-3alpha promoter site that mediates the retinoic acid response. DNA sequence analysis indicates that the HNF-3alpha promoter contains an authentic retinoic acid response element (RARE) of the DR5 class. As expected, this element is able to confer retinoic acid responsiveness to a heterologous promoter. In addition, the HNF-3alpha-specific RARE is able to interact with various retinoic acid receptor heterodimers of the RAR/RXR type. Since HNF-3alpha is induced early during mammalian neurogenesis, our data shed new light on the connection between retinoic-acid-mediated HNF-3alpha activation and establishment of the neuronal phenotype.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center