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Indian J Cancer. 1998 Dec;35(4):164-70.

Risk factors for cancer cervix: a case control study.

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  • 1Dept. of Preventive and Social Medicine, Govt. Medical College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.


The present hospital based, group matched case control study was carried out at Gynaecology clinic, Govt. Medical College Hospital, Nagpur, to study risk factors for cancer cervix and investigate their independent and interactive role in the outcome of cervical cancer. The study included 230 cases of cancer cervix and equal number of controls, group matched for age. Univariate analysis included 17 hypothesised risk factors for cancer cervix and identified significance of 10 risk factors. However multiple logistic regression (MLR) analysis recognised and confirmed the significance of illiteracy, poor genital hygiene, long duration of married life, multiparity and early menarche in the ultimate outcome of cancer cervix. Estimates of Attributable Risk Proportions (ARP) and Population Attributable Risk Proportion (PARP) endorsed the etiological and preventable role of these risk factors, respectively. Considering the public health impact of elimination of these risk factors on the cancer cervix problem in this population, development of a preventive strategy based on these risk factors would be an appropriate step towards curtailment of this "Biggest Scourge of womankind".

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